Capital: Quebec City
Population: 7,903,001 (2011)
Premier: Philippe Couillard
Confederation Entry: July 1, 1867
Almost eight million people live in Quebec, the vast majority along or near the St. Lawrence River. More than three-quarters speak French as their first language. The resources of the Canadian Shield have helped Quebec to develop important industries, including forestry, energy and mining. Quebec is Canada’s main producer of pulp and paper. The province’s huge supply of fresh water has made it Canada’s largest producer of hydro-electricity. Quebecers are leaders in cutting-edge industries such as pharmaceuticals and aeronautics. Quebec films, music, literary works and food have international stature, especially in La Francophonie, an association of French-speaking nations. Montreal, Canada’s second largest city and the second largest mainly French-speaking city in the world after Paris, is famous for its cultural diversity.
Discover Canada: The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship (2012). Canada – Citizenship and Immigration Canada.
Statistics Canada, 2012